Phase I | Expander
An upper palatal expander is a common and efficient way to widen a narrow upper jaw. Whether the narrow palate was caused by an airway problem, tongue posture, thumbsucking, or genetics, an expander will help the upper jaw grow to the appropriate width by slowly widening the suture on the roof of the mouth. This allows for the permanent teeth to erupt safely, relieve crowding, create a wider and more beautiful smile, and match the upper teeth to the lower teeth. Palatal expanders can also be used in adults as an alternative to upper jaw surgery to widen a narrow jaw.
Metal braces are now lighter in weight and structure than they used to be. They are made from a high-grade stainless steel and have metal brackets that are attached to each tooth using a type of cement. The brackets are linked to each other with a thin archwire, which puts pressure on the teeth to cause them to move slowly into the correct position. The archwires are connected to the brackets using tiny elastics known as ligatures or o-rings, which will change each time the braces are tightened.
These work in the same way as traditional braces, but the brackets are made from a clear, transparent ceramic material. The braces are less visible to others, which makes them a popular choice for adults who need orthodontic treatment.
Invisalign is a type of clear aligner that you can use instead of metal or clear braces. This involves a range of clear plastic aligners that resemble mouth guards, which are custom-made for you. They are removable for eating and cleaning, and you change them out for a newly made aligner every two weeks. Each new aligner takes the adjustment of your teeth one step further.